Ethnic Cleansing In Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh): Issues of Definition and Criminal Responsibility

Authors

  • Dr. Edita Gzoyan Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6867-7451
  • Svetah Chakhmakhchyan Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation
  • Dr. Edgar Meyroyan Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation; Russian-Armenian University

Keywords:

Nagorno Karabakh, forced displacement, ethnic cleansing, genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, responsibility

Abstract

After ten months of blockade-resulted starvation and medical emergencies, on 19 September 2023, Nagorno-Karabakh, or Artsakh Republic, was brutally attacked by Azerbaijan, resulting in a forced capitulation of the de facto state. Considering the long-lasting history of violence, institutionalized anti-Armenian hatred, persecution, and annihilation of Armenians by the Republic of Azerbaijan, an exodus of Armenians began in the following days, resulting in forced displacement of nearly 120,000 Armenians from their indigenous lands.
These atrocious events were soon labeled as ethnic cleansing by some actors of the international community. Currently, there is no legal definition of ethnic cleansing; using the term to mark the forced displacement of Armenians from Artsakh raises issues of definition and responsibility. This article aims to analyze the concept of ethnic cleansing in its historical and legal development and evaluate its application in the context of the forced displacement of Armenians from Artsakh.

Author Biographies

Dr. Edita Gzoyan, Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation

Deputy Scientific Director at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation. Her research interests include historical and legal aspects of the Armenian Genocide and Artsakh issue.

Svetah Chakhmakhchyan, Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation

PhD student at the Russian-Armenian University and a Junior Researcher at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation.

Dr. Edgar Meyroyan, Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation; Russian-Armenian University

Senior Researcher at the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute Foundation and a lecturer at Russian-Armenian University. His research interests include international public and human rights law.

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Published

2023-12-30

How to Cite

Gzoyan, E., Chakhmakhchyan, S., & Meyroyan, E. (2023). Ethnic Cleansing In Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh): Issues of Definition and Criminal Responsibility. International Journal of Armenian Genocide Studies, 8(2), 56–85. Retrieved from http://gate.grid.am/index.php/ijags/article/view/82